Goring-on-Thames (or Goring) is a village and civil parish on the River Thames in South Oxfordshire, England. Situated on the county border with Berkshire, it is 6 mi (10 km) south of Wallingford and 8 mi (13 km) north-west of Reading. It had a population of 3,187 in the 2011 census and was estimated to have increased to 3,335 by 2019.[2]

Village and civil parish
Goring mill and parish church from the bridge
Goring-on-Thames is located in Oxfordshire
Location within Oxfordshire
Area9.61 km2 (3.71 sq mi)
Population3,187 (2011 census)[1]
• Density332/km2 (860/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSU6080
Civil parish
  • Goring-on-Thames
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townREADING
Postcode districtRG8
Dialling code01491
PoliceThames Valley
AmbulanceSouth Central
UK Parliament
WebsiteGoring Parish Council
List of places
51°31′23″N 1°08′06″W / 51.523°N 1.135°W / 51.523; -1.135

Most land is farmland, with woodland on the Goring Gap outcrop of the Chiltern Hills. Its riverside plain encloses the residential area, including a high street with shops, pubs and restaurants. Goring & Streatley railway station lies on the Great Western Main Line, providing trains between London and Oxford.

The village church is dedicated to St Thomas Becket with a nave that was built within 50 years of the saint's death, in the early 13th century, along with a later bell tower. Goring faces the smaller Streatley across the Thames; the two are linked by Goring and Streatley Bridge.

Geography edit

Goring (right), at the end of the nineteenth century

Goring is on the left bank of the River Thames in the Goring Gap between the Berkshire Downs and Chiltern Hills, about 8 mi (13 km) north-west of Reading and 16 mi (26 km) south of Oxford. Across the river is the Berkshire village of Streatley, often seen as a twin village. They are linked by Goring and Streatley Bridge and its adjacent lock and weir. The Thames Path, Icknield Way and the Ridgeway cross the Thames at Goring.

Transport edit

The Great Western Main Line serves Goring & Streatley railway station; Great Western Railway operates trains between London Paddington, Reading, Didcot and Oxford.[3]

The local bus service between Goring and Wallingford is run by a Goring-based community interest company, Going Forward Buses, which was established in December 2016.[4]

Early history edit

The name Goring first appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Garinges, then as Garingies in a charter once held in the British Museum. It translates as "Gara's people".[5]

Religious sites edit

Church of St Thomas of Canterbury

The Church of England parish church of St Thomas of Canterbury displays Norman architecture of the early 12th century,[6] with the bell-stage of a bell tower added in the 15th century.[6] This has a ring of eight bells,[7] one dating from 1290. The wood for the rood screen was taken from HMS Thunderer, one of Nelson's fleet at Trafalgar.[8] A church hall was added in 1901.[9]

The Anglican Churches of Goring, Streatley and South Stoke form a united benefice.[10] A priory of Augustinian nuns was built late in the 12th century with its own priory church adjoining St Thomas's.[6] This survived until demolished with the early 16th-century Dissolution of the Monasteries.[11] The foundations of the priory church, cloister, dormitory, vestry, chapter house and parlour were excavated in 1892.[9]

Goring Free Church belongs to the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion. The congregation was founded in 1788 and its first chapel built in 1793.[12] At its centenary in 1893, a new church building was added[9] and the original chapel converted into a church hall.[12] It holds two Sunday services.[13]

The Catholic Church of Our Lady and St John the Apostle was designed by the architect William Ravenscroft and built in 1898.[9] It now forms a single parish with the Roman Catholic Church of Christ the King in Woodcote.[14]

Amenities edit

Flint House, on a hill, is a large flint cobblestone house in a Tudor style converted partly to offices. It is used by police forces nationally as a rehabilitation centre.[15]

Goring United Football Club plays in the Reading Football League.[16] Goring-on-Thames Cricket Club, founded in 1876,[17] has two teams in the Berkshire Cricket League.[18] Goring has a lawn tennis club with teams that play in two local leagues.[19] Goring and Streatley Golf Club is located in adjoining Streatley.

Goring-on-Thames' Decorative and Fine Arts Society, founded in 1987, belongs to the National Association of Decorative and Fine Arts Societies.[20] Goring has a Women's Institute.[21]

Awards edit

Oxfordshire Village of the Year 2009 edit

On 10 July 2009, Goring was named Oxfordshire's Village of the Year, ahead of 11 other villages and succeeding Woodcote.[22] The £1000 prize was put towards the village's hydro-electric project to generate electricity from the River Thames.[23] The competition considered the depth of infrastructure and activity in the village and at Goring's £1 million hydro-electric plans.

Calor success edit

Goring-on-Thames was the winner in the Sustainability and Communications category and the Overall Regional Winner of the 2011 Calor Village of the Year regional heat for South England.[24]

Britain in Bloom edit

Goring was a finalist in the small towns category of the Britain in Bloom contest in 2019.[citation needed]

Notable residents edit

In the summer of 1893, Oscar Wilde stayed at Ferry House in Goring with Lord Alfred Douglas. While there, Wilde began writing his play An Ideal Husband, which includes a main character named Lord Goring.

An enlarged Ferry Cottage became the retirement home of Sir Arthur Harris, wartime leader of RAF Bomber Command, from 1953 until his death in 1984.[25] He was buried in Burntwood Cemetery in Goring.[26]

In order of birth:

Freedom of the parish edit

The privilege of Freedom of the Parish of Goring on Thames has been awarded to:

  • Stephanie Bridle, 16 October 2017, for work as a parish councillor[30]
  • Janet Hurst: 12 April 2020, for work on the Britain in Bloom competition and Goring Gap Local History Society[31]

Nearby places edit

Twin towns edit

References edit

  1. ^ Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
  2. ^ City Population. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Train Times". Great Western Railway. 21 May 2023. Retrieved 18 October 2023.
  4. ^ "Stops in Goring". Bus Times. 2023. Retrieved 18 October 2023.
  5. ^ Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p. 201.
  6. ^ a b c Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, p. 614.
  7. ^ The Oxford Diocesan Guild of Church Bell Ringers, Reading Branch: Goring-on-Thames Archived 6 September 2012 at archive.today
  8. ^ Christopher Winn: I Never Knew That about the Thames (London: Ebury Press, 2010), p. 77.
  9. ^ a b c d Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, p. 615.
  10. ^ Services. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  11. ^ Page, 1907, pp. 103–104.
  12. ^ a b "Goring Free Church: Our History".
  13. ^ Service times. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  14. ^ "Our Lady & St John in Goring-on-Thames and of Christ the King in Woodcote". ourladyandstjohngoring.org.uk.
  15. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1059528)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 November 2014. Flint House – Grade II listing.
  16. ^ "Goring United Football Club: Saturday 1st team – Division 1". Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
  17. ^ "GardinersWorld: Our History". Archived from the original on 2 August 2009.
  18. ^ "Berkshire Cricket League Resources and Information". www.berkshirecricketleague.com. Archived from the original on 4 January 2012.
  19. ^ "Goring Tennis Club". Goring Tennis Club.
  20. ^ Goring on Thames Decorative and Fine Arts Society
  21. ^ "Oxfordshire Federation of Women's Institutes". Archived from the original on 7 September 2003. Retrieved 18 January 2010.
  22. ^ "Goring named Village of the Year". 10 July 2009 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  23. ^ Goring & Streatley Sustainability Group.
  24. ^ Goring on Thames Celebrates Regional Success. Village wins through for South England in national competition Archived 3 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ Christopher Winn: I Never Knew..., p. 78.
  26. ^ "Grave Sir Arthur Harris - Goring - TracesOfWar.com". www.tracesofwar.com.
  27. ^ MacDonald, Les (July 2010). The Day the Music Died – Les MacDonald – Google Books. Xlibris Corporation. ISBN 9781453522677.
  28. ^ Wadey, Toby (25 December 2017). "George Michael's Goring neighbours share memories one year on". BBC News Oxford. Retrieved 26 October 2020.
  29. ^ "Ex-Wham singer George Michael dies". BBC News. 25 December 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  30. ^ "Freedom of village given to award-winning bloom chief". Henley Standard.
  31. ^ "Woman awarded freedom of village for contribution". Henley Standard.

Sources edit

External links edit